Uluslararası Turist Gelişleri 2018 yılında 1,4 Milyara Ulaştı…


Uluslararası Turist Gelişleri 2018 yılında 1,4 Milyara Ulaştı… 

• 2018 yılında 2017’ye göre %6 artış ile 1,4 milyar uluslararası turist sayısına ulaşıldı.

• Orta Doğu (% + 10) ve Afrika (% + 7) dünya ortalamasının üzerinde büyürken, Asya ve Pasifik ve Avrupa% 6'da büyüdü.

• 2019 için UNWTO, büyüme eğilimine paralel olarak % 3-4 artış öngörüyor.

Madrid, İspanya, 21 Ocak 2019 - Uluslararası turist gelişleri, 2018'de % 6 artarak, 1,4 milyar oldu.

UNWTO, dünya çapındaki uluslararası turist varışlarının (gece başına gelen ziyaretçilerin) 2018'de % 6 artarak küresel ekonomide kaydedilen % 3,7'lik büyümenin üzerinde olduğunu tahmin ediyor.

Göreceli olarak, Orta Doğu (%+10), Afrika (%+7), Asya ve Pasifik ve Avrupa (her ikisi de %+ 6'da) 2018'de büyümüştür.

UNWTO’nun 2010’da yayınlanan raporu, 2020’de 1.4 milyar uluslararası turist geleceğini öngörmüştü. Ancak, daha güçlü ekonomik büyüme, daha uygun fiyatlı hava yolculuğu, teknolojik değişiklikler, yeni iş modelleri ve daha fazla vize kolaylaşması son yıllardaki büyümeyi hızlandırdı.

Bölgelere göre sonuçlar

Avrupa'ya gelen uluslararası turist sayısı 2018'de 713 milyona ulaştı; bu 2017'ye kıyasla % 6'lık bir artışı gösteriyor. Büyüme, Güney ve Akdeniz Avrupa (+%7), Orta ve Doğu Avrupa (%+6) ve Batı Avrupa (+%6). Kuzey Avrupa'daki sonuçlar İngiltere'ye gelenlerin zayıflığı nedeniyle sabit kaldı.

Asya ve Pasifik (%+6), 2018'de 343 milyon uluslararası turist geldiğini kaydetti. Güneydoğu Asya'ya gelenlerin %7, ardından Kuzey-Doğu Asya (%+6) ve Güney Asya (%+5) sıralandı. Okyanusya %+3 oranında bir büyüme göstermiştir.

Amerika(%+3) 2018’de 217 milyon uluslararası turist ağırladı. Büyüme, Kuzey Amerika (%+4) ve ardından Güney Amerika (%+3), Orta Amerika ve Karayipler, Irma ve Maria kasırgalarının etkisini yansıttı. (her ikisi %-2)

Afrika’dan gelen veriler 2018’de (% + 10’da Kuzey Afrika ve Sahra Altı +% 6’da)% 7’lik bir artışa işaret ederek 67 milyon kişiye ulaştı.

Orta Doğu (%+10), uluslararası turist sayısında 64 milyona ulaştı.

Mevcut eğilimlere, ekonomik beklentilere ve UNWTO Güven Endeksi'ne dayanarak, UNWTO uluslararası varışların gelecek yıl %3 ila %4 oranında büyümesini öngörüyor.

 

News Release

Madrid, Spain, 21 January 2019 

PR No. 19003

International Tourist Arrivals Reach 1.4 billion Two Years Ahead of Forecasts

  • 2018 totalled 1.4 billion international tourist arrivals (+6%), consolidating 2017 strong results and proving to be the second strongest year since 2010
  • Middle East (+10%) and Africa (+7%) grew above the world average while Asia and the Pacific and Europe grew at 6%
  • For 2019, UNWTO forecasts a 3-4% increase, in line with the historical growth trend

Madrid, Spain, 21 January 2019 - International tourist arrivals grew 6% in 2018, totalling 1.4 billion according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. UNWTO’s long term forecast issued in 2010 indicated the 1.4 billion mark would be reached in 2020, yet the remarkable growth of international arrivals in recent years has brought it two years ahead.

International tourist arrivals up 6% in 2018

UNWTO estimates that worldwide international tourist arrivals (overnight visitors) increased 6% to 1.4 billion in 2018, clearly above the 3.7% growth registered in the global economy.

In relative terms, the Middle East (+10%), Africa (+7%), Asia and the Pacific and Europe (both at +6%) led growth in 2018. Arrivals to the Americas were below the world average (+3%).

“The growth of tourism in recent years confirms that the sector is today one of the most powerful drivers of economic growth and development. It is our responsibility to manage it in a sustainable manner and translate this expansion into real benefits for all countries, and particularly, to all local communities, creating opportunities for jobs and entrepreneurship and leaving no one behind” said UNWTO Secretary-General Zurab Pololikashvili. “This is why UNWTO is focussing 2019 on education, skills and job creation.”, he added.

UNWTO’s long-term forecast published in 2010 predicted the 1.4 billion mark of international tourist arrivals for 2020. Yet stronger economic growth, more affordable air travel, technological changes, new businesses models and greater visa facilitation around the word have accelerated growth in recent years.

Results by region

International tourist arrivals in Europe reached 713 million in 2018, a notable 6% increase over an exceptionally strong 2017. Growth was driven by Southern and Mediterranean Europe (+7%), Central and Eastern Europe (+6%) and Western Europe (+6%). Results in Northern Europe were flat due to the weakness of arrivals to the United Kingdom.

Asia and the Pacific (+6%) recorded 343 million international tourist arrivals in 2018. Arrivals in South-East Asia grew 7%, followed by North-East Asia (+6%) and South Asia (+5%). Oceania showed more moderate growth at +3%.

The Americas (+3%) welcomed 217 million international arrivals in 2018, with mixed results across destinations. Growth was led by North America (+4%), and followed by South America (+3%), while Central America and the Caribbean (both -2%) reached very mixed results, the latter reflecting the impact of the September 2017 hurricanes Irma and Maria.

Data from Africa points to a 7% increase in 2018 (North Africa at +10% and Sub-Saharan +6%), reaching an estimated 67 million arrivals.

The Middle East (+10%) showed solid results last year consolidating its 2017 recovery, with international tourist arrivals reaching 64 million.

Growth expected to return to historical trends in 2019

Based on current trends, economic prospects and the UNWTO Confidence Index, UNWTO forecasts international arrivals to grow 3% to 4% next year, more in line with historic growth trends.

As a general backdrop, the stability of fuel prices tends to translate into affordable air travel while air connectivity continues to improve in many destinations, facilitating the diversification of source markets. Trends also show strong outbound travel from emerging markets, especially India and Russia but also from smaller Asian and Arab source markets.

At the same time, the global economic slowdown, the uncertainty related to the Brexit, as well as geopolitical and trade tensions may prompt a “wait and see” attitude among investors and travellers.

Overall, 2019 is expected to see the consolidation among consumers of emerging trends such as the quest for ‘travel to change and to show’, ‘the pursuit of healthy options’ such as walking, wellness and sports tourism, ‘multigenerational travel’ as a result of demographic changes and more responsible travel.

“Digitalisation, new business models, more affordable travel and societal changes are expected to continue shaping our sector, so both destination and companies need to adapt if they want to remain competitive”, added Pololikashvili.

 

More information is available at:

UNWTO World Tourism Barometer Homepage

UNWTO World Tourism Barometer Presentation

 

Contacts:

UNWTO Communications Department

Tel: (+34) 91 567 8100 / Fax: +34 91 567 8218 / comm@unwto.org

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The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), a United Nations specialized agency, is the leading international organization with the decisive and central role in promoting the development of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. It serves as a global forum for tourism policy issues and a practical source of tourism know-how. Its membership includes 158 countries, 6 territories, 2 permanent observers and over 500 Affiliate Members. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, LinkedIn and Flickr.

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